Active Mobility and Environment: A Pilot Qualitative Study for the Design of a New Questionnaire

Abstract : It is generally accepted that active mobility, mainly walking and cycling, contributes to peo-ple's physical and mental health. One of the current challenges is to improve our understanding of this type of behaviour. This study aims to identify factors from the daily-life environment that may be related to active mobility behaviours, in order to design a new questionnaire for a quantitative study of a large adult population. The new questionnaire obtained through this pilot study combines information from interviews with existing questionnaires materials in order to introduce new factors while retaining the factors already assessed. This approach comprises three stages. The first was a content analysis (Reinert method) of interviews with a sample of participants about daily living activities as well as mobility. This stage led to a typology of factors suggested by interviews. The second was a scoping review of the literature in order to identify the active mobility questionnaires currently used in international literature. The last stage was a cross-tabulation of the factors resulting from the written interviews and the questionnaires. A table of the interrelationships between the interview-based typol-ogy and the questionnaires shows discrepancies between factors considered by the existing questionnaires, and factors coming from individual interviews. Independent factors which were ignored in or absent from the questionnaires are the housing situation within the urban structure, overall consideration of the activity space beyond the limits of the residential neighbourhood , the perception of all the transportation modes, and the time scheduling impacting the modes actually used. Our new questionnaire integrates both the usual factors and the new factors that may be related to active mobility behaviours.
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PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2017, 12 (1), pp.e0168986. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0168986〉
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Franck Hess, Paul Salze, Christiane Weber, Thierry Feuillet, Hélène Charreire, et al.. Active Mobility and Environment: A Pilot Qualitative Study for the Design of a New Questionnaire. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2017, 12 (1), pp.e0168986. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0168986〉. 〈hal-01465829〉

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