The differential expression of glutathione peroxidase 1 and 4 depends on the nature of the SECIS element

Lynda Latrèche Stéphane Duhieu Zahia Touat-Hamici Olivier Jean-Jean 1 Laurent Chavatte
1 TE - Traduction eucaryote
B2A - Adaptation Biologique et Vieillissement = Biological Adaptation and Ageing
Abstract : Selenocysteine insertion into selenoproteins involves the translational recoding of UGA stop codons. In mammals, selenoprotein expression further depends on selenium availability, which has been particularly described for glutathione peroxidase 1 and 4 (Gpx1 and Gpx4). The SECIS element located in the 3′UTR of the selenoprotein mRNAs is a modulator of UGA recoding efficiency in adequate selenium conditions. One of the current models for the UGA recoding mechanism proposes that the SECIS binds SECIS-binding protein 2 (SBP2), which then recruits a selenocysteine-specific elongation factor (EFsec) and tRNASec to the ribosome, where L30 acts as an anchor. The involvement of the SECIS in modulation of UGA recoding activity was investigated, together with SBP2 and EFsec, in Hek293 cells cultured with various selenium levels. Luciferase reporter constructs, in transiently or stably expressing cell lines, were used to analyze the differential expression of Gpx1 and Gpx4. We showed that, upon selenium fluctuation, the modulation of UGA recoding efficiency depends on the nature of the SECIS, with Gpx1 being more sensitive than Gpx4. Attenuation of SBP2 and EFsec levels by shRNAs confirmed that both factors are essential for efficient selenocysteine insertion. Strikingly, in a context of either EFsec or SBP2 attenuation, the decrease in UGA recoding efficiency is dependent on the nature of the SECIS, GPx1 being more sensitive. Finally, the profusion of selenium of the culture medium exacerbates the lack of factors involved in selenocysteine insertion.
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Article dans une revue
RNA Biology, Taylor & Francis, 2012, 9 (5), pp.681 - 690. 〈10.4161/rna.20147〉
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Soumis le : mercredi 21 juin 2017 - 14:30:30
Dernière modification le : mercredi 21 mars 2018 - 18:58:23

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Lynda Latrèche, Stéphane Duhieu, Zahia Touat-Hamici, Olivier Jean-Jean, Laurent Chavatte. The differential expression of glutathione peroxidase 1 and 4 depends on the nature of the SECIS element. RNA Biology, Taylor & Francis, 2012, 9 (5), pp.681 - 690. 〈10.4161/rna.20147〉. 〈hal-01544187〉

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