Mutant Mice Lacking the p53 C-Terminal Domain Model Telomere Syndromes

Abstract : Mutations in p53, although frequent in human cancers , have not been implicated in telomere-related syndromes. Here, we show that homozygous mutant mice expressing p53 D31 , a p53 lacking the C-terminal domain, exhibit increased p53 activity and suffer from aplastic anemia and pulmonary fibrosis, hallmarks of syndromes caused by short telomeres. Indeed, p53 D31/D31 mice had short telomeres and other phenotypic traits associated with the telomere disease dyskeratosis congenita and its severe variant the Hoyeraal-Hreidarsson syndrome. Hetero-zygous p53 +/D31 mice were only mildly affected, but decreased levels of Mdm4, a negative regulator of p53, led to a dramatic aggravation of their symptoms. Importantly, several genes involved in telomere metabolism were downregulated in p53 D31/D31 cells, including Dyskerin, Rtel1, and Tinf2, which are mutated in dyskeratosis congenita, and Terf1, which is implicated in aplastic anemia. Together, these data reveal that a truncating mutation can activate p53 and that p53 plays a major role in the regulation of telomere metabolism.
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Cell Reports , Elsevier Inc, 2013, 3 (6), pp.2046-2058. 〈10.1016/j.celrep.2013.05.028〉
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Iva Simeonova, Sara Jaber, Irena Draskovic, Boris Bardot, Ming Fang, et al.. Mutant Mice Lacking the p53 C-Terminal Domain Model Telomere Syndromes. Cell Reports , Elsevier Inc, 2013, 3 (6), pp.2046-2058. 〈10.1016/j.celrep.2013.05.028〉. 〈hal-01548788〉

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