Thermal Behavior of d -Ribose Adsorbed on Silica: Effect of Inorganic Salt Coadsorption and Significance for Prebiotic Chemistry

Abstract : Understanding ribose reactivity is a crucial step in the “RNA world” scenario because this molecule is a component of all extant nucleotides that make up RNA. In solution, ribose is unstable and susceptible to thermal destruction. We examined how ribose behaves upon thermal activation when adsorbed on silica, either alone or with the coadsorption of inorganic salts (MgCl2, CaCl2, SrCl2, CuCl2, FeCl2, FeCl3, ZnCl2). A combination of 13C NMR, in situ IR, and TGA analyses revealed a variety of phenomena. When adsorbed alone, ribose remains stable up to 150 °C, at which point ring opening is observed, together with minor oxidation to a lactone. All the metal salts studied showed specific interactions with ribose after dehydration, resulting in the formation of polydentate metal ion complexes. Anomeric equilibria were affected, generally favoring ribofuranoses. Zn2+ stabilized ribose up to higher temperatures than bare silica (180 to 200 °C). Most other cations had an adverse effect on ribose stability, with ring opening already upon drying at 70 °C. In addition, alkaline earth cations catalyzed the dehydration of ribose to furfural and, to variable degrees, its further decarbonylation to furan. Transition-metal ions with open d-shells took part in redox reactions with ribose, either as reagents or as catalysts. These results allow the likelihood of prebiotic chemistry scenarios to be evaluated, and may also be of interest for the valorization of biomass-derived carbohydrates by heterogeneous catalysis
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Chemistry - A European Journal, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2016, 22 (44), pp.15834 - 15846. 〈10.1002/chem.201601418〉
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Soumis le : mardi 18 juillet 2017 - 16:07:56
Dernière modification le : mercredi 21 mars 2018 - 18:57:48

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Mariame Akouche, Maguy Jaber, Emilie-Laure Zins, Marie-Christine Maurel, Jean-Francois Lambert, et al.. Thermal Behavior of d -Ribose Adsorbed on Silica: Effect of Inorganic Salt Coadsorption and Significance for Prebiotic Chemistry. Chemistry - A European Journal, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2016, 22 (44), pp.15834 - 15846. 〈10.1002/chem.201601418〉. 〈hal-01564220〉

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