Primary lower limb lymphoedema: classification with non-contrast MR lymphography

Abstract : Purpose: The purpose of the present study was to analyse the performance of non-contrast MR lymphography for the classification of primary lower limb lymphoedema in 121 consecutive patients with 187 primary lower limb lymphoedemas. Materials and methods: 121 consecutive patients with clinically diagnosed primary lower limb lymphoedema underwent non-contrast MR lymphography with a free-breathing 3D fast spin-echo sequence with a very long TR/TE (4000/884 ms). MR examinations were retrospectively reviewed for severity of lymphoedema (absent, mild, moderate, severe) and characteristics of inguinal lymph nodes and iliac and inguinal lymphatic trunks graded as aplasic (no lymph nodes or lymphatic trunks), hypoplasic (less lymph nodes or lymphatic trunks), normal and hyperplasic (more lymph nodes or more and/or dilated trunks). Results: There was an excellent correlation between clinical stage and severity of lymphoedema (Cramer’s V of 0,73 (p < 0.001)). Differentiation was feasible between inguinal lymphatic vessel aplasia (21%), hypoplasia (15%), normal pattern (53%) and hyperplasia (11%). Severe lymphoedema was observed in 46% of aplasic patterns and in 37% of hyperplasic patterns, but in only 15% of hypoplasic patterns and never observed in normal patterns (p < 0.001). Conclusion: Non-contrast MR lymphography is able to classify primary lower limb lymphoedemas into hyperplasic, aplasic, hypoplasic and normal patterns.
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European Radiology, Springer Verlag, 2017, 〈10.1007/s00330-017-4948-z〉
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Soumis le : lundi 28 août 2017 - 16:39:38
Dernière modification le : mardi 5 décembre 2017 - 14:40:27

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Lionel Arrivé, S. Derhy, B. Dahan, S. El Mouhadi, L. Monnier-Cholley, et al.. Primary lower limb lymphoedema: classification with non-contrast MR lymphography. European Radiology, Springer Verlag, 2017, 〈10.1007/s00330-017-4948-z〉. 〈hal-01578134〉

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