Impact of negative inotropic drugs on accuracy of diastolic stress echocardiography for evaluation of left ventricular filling pressure

Abstract : The ratio of early diastolic trans-mitral flow velocity to tissue-Doppler mitral annular early diastolic velocity (E/e′), and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure(LVEDP) have been shown to be correlated at rest, provided that patients are not on positive inotropic drugs. Data concerning the latter correlation during exercise stress are conflicting. Therefore, we investigated if use of negative inotropic drugs (NID), impacts the accuracy of E/e′ as a surrogate for LVEDP during low-level exercise. An exercise(50 watts) during cardiac invasive hemodynamic monitoring and an exercise echocardiography were performed prospectively within 24 hours in 54 patients (81%male, 62 ± 9years) with preserved LV Ejection-Fraction. Before exercise, the patients had scattered LVEDP (13.8 ± 5.8 mmHg) and septal E/e′ (8.7 ± 2.7). Half of them were on NID, mainly betablockers(n = 26). The correlation between septal-E/e′ and LVEDP was low for examinations performed at rest (r = 0.35,p = 0.01) with no significant impact of NID. For measurements performed at 50 Watts, NID had a significant impact on the association between septal-E/e′50 watts and LVEDP50 watts (β = −0.28,p = 0.03). Correlation between septal-E/e′50 watts and LVEDP50 watts persisted in patients on NID (r = 0.61,p = 0.001) while it disappeared in the group of patients with no NID (r = 0.15,p = 0.47). NID use is an important confounding factor to take into consideration when assessing exercise LVFP using stress E/e′ in patients with preserved LVEF.
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Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 7 (1), pp.9537. 〈10.1038/s41598-017-10301-5〉
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Joe-Elie Salem, Florent Laveau, Alexandre Ceccaldi, Christian Funck-Brentano, Jean Sebastien Hulot, et al.. Impact of negative inotropic drugs on accuracy of diastolic stress echocardiography for evaluation of left ventricular filling pressure. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 7 (1), pp.9537. 〈10.1038/s41598-017-10301-5〉. 〈hal-01578951〉

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