3-D imaging reveals four extraordinary cases of convergent evolution of acoustic communication in crickets and allies (Insecta)

Abstract : When the same complex trait is exhibited by closely related species, a single evolutionary origin is frequently invoked. The complex stridulatory apparatus present in the forewings of extant crickets, mole crickets, katydids, and prophalangopsids, is currently interpreted as sharing a single common origin due to their similarity and unique function. An alternative hypothesis of convergent evolution in these ensiferan groups has challenged this common view, but remained controversial because of competing interpretations of wing venation. Here we propose another hypothesis for the widely and long debated homology of ensiferan stridulatory apparatus, performing the first 3D reconstruction of hidden structures at the wing bases. This approach allowed defining the homology of each vein from its very origin rather than after its more distal characteristics, which may be subjected to environmental pressure of selection. The stridulatory apparatus involves different veins in these four singing clades. In light of the most recent phylogenetic evidence, this apparatus developed four times in Ensifera, illustrating extraordinary convergent evolutions between closely related clades, by far exceeding the number of evolutionary steps ever proposed for calling ability in this group.
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Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 7, pp.7099. 〈10.1038/s41598-017-06840-6〉
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Laure Desutter-Grandcolas, Lauriane Jacquelin, Sylvain Hugel, Renaud Boistel, Romain Garrouste, et al.. 3-D imaging reveals four extraordinary cases of convergent evolution of acoustic communication in crickets and allies (Insecta). Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 7, pp.7099. 〈10.1038/s41598-017-06840-6〉. 〈hal-01580086〉

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