Turbulence in the two-dimensional Fourier-truncated Gross–Pitaevskii equation

Abstract : We undertake a systematic, direct numerical simulation of the two-dimensional, Fourier-truncated, Gross–Pitaevskii equation to study the turbulent evolutions of its solutions for a variety of initial conditions and a wide range of parameters. We find that the time evolution of this system can be classified into four regimes with qualitatively different statistical properties. Firstly, there are transients that depend on the initial conditions. In the second regime, power-law scaling regions, in the energy and the occupation-number spectra, appear and start to develop; the exponents of these power laws and the extents of the scaling regions change with time and depend on the initial condition. In the third regime, the spectra drop rapidly for modes with wave numbers k > kc and partial thermalization takes place for modes with k < kc; the self-truncation wave number kc(t) depends on the initial conditions and it grows either as a power of t or as log t. Finally, in the fourth regime, complete thermalization is achieved and, if we account for finite-size effects carefully, correlation functions and spectra are consistent with their nontrivial Berezinskii–Kosterlitz–Thouless forms. Our work is a natural generalization of recent studies of thermalization in the Euler and other hydrodynamical equations; it combines ideas from fluid dynamics and turbulence, on the one hand, and equilibrium and nonequilibrium statistical mechanics on the other.
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New Journal of Physics, Institute of Physics: Open Access Journals, 2013, 15, pp.113025. 〈10.1088/1367-2630/15/11/113025〉
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Vishwanath Shukla, Marc Brachet, Rahul Pandit. Turbulence in the two-dimensional Fourier-truncated Gross–Pitaevskii equation. New Journal of Physics, Institute of Physics: Open Access Journals, 2013, 15, pp.113025. 〈10.1088/1367-2630/15/11/113025〉. 〈hal-01587337〉

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