Non-cell-autonomous effects yield lower clonal diversity in expanding tumors

Abstract : Recent cancer research has investigated the possibility that non-cell-autonomous (NCA) driving tumor growth can support clonal diversity (CD). Indeed, mutations can affect the phenotypes not only of their carriers (“cell-autonomous”, CA effects), but also sometimes of other cells (NCA effects). However, models that have investigated this phenomenon have only considered a restricted number of clones. Here, we designed an individual-based model of tumor evolution, where clones grow and mutate to yield new clones, among which a given frequency have NCA effects on other clones’ growth. Unlike previously observed for smaller assemblages, most of our simulations yield lower CD with high frequency of mutations with NCA effects. Owing to NCA effects increasing competition in the tumor, clones being already dominant are more likely to stay dominant, and emergent clones not to thrive. These results may help personalized medicine to predict intratumor heterogeneity across different cancer types for which frequency of NCA effects could be quantified.
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Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 7, pp.11157. 〈10.1038/s41598-017-11562-w〉
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Tazzio Tissot, Frédéric Thomas, Benjamin Roche. Non-cell-autonomous effects yield lower clonal diversity in expanding tumors. Scientific Reports, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 7, pp.11157. 〈10.1038/s41598-017-11562-w〉. 〈hal-01599465〉

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