Silicate dissolution boosts the CO2 concentrations in subduction fluids

Abstract : Estimates of dissolved CO 2 in subduction-zone fluids are based on thermodynamic models, relying on a very sparse experimental data base. Here, we present experimental data at 1–3 GPa, 800 °C, and ΔFMQ ≈ −0.5 for the volatiles and solute contents of graphite-saturated fluids in the systems COH, SiO 2 –COH (+ quartz/coesite) and MgO–SiO 2 –COH (+ forsterite and enstatite). The CO 2 content of fluids interacting with silicates exceeds the amounts measured in the pure COH system by up to 30 mol%, as a consequence of a decrease in water activity probably associated with the formation of organic complexes containing Si–O–C and Si–O–Mg bonds. The interaction of deep aqueous fluids with silicates is a novel mechanism for controlling the composition of subduction COH fluids, promoting the deep CO 2 transfer from the slab–mantle interface to the overlying mantle wedge, in particular where fluids are stable over melts.
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Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 8, pp.616. 〈10.1038/s41467-017-00562-z〉
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S. Tumiati, C. Tiraboschi, D. A. Sverjensky, T. Pettke, S. Recchia, et al.. Silicate dissolution boosts the CO2 concentrations in subduction fluids. Nature Communications, Nature Publishing Group, 2017, 8, pp.616. 〈10.1038/s41467-017-00562-z〉. 〈hal-01613215〉

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