Exon-Skipping Strategy by Ratio Modulation between Cytoprotective versus Pro-Apoptotic Clusterin Forms Increased Sensitivity of LNCaP to Cell Death

Abstract : Background: In prostate cancer the secreted form of clusterin (sCLU) has been described as an anti-apoptotic protein whose expression is increased after therapeutic intervention, whereas, the nuclear protein form nCLU was reported to have pro-apoptotic properties. Methodology: In order to provide new therapeutic approaches targeting CLU, we developed a strategy based on exon skipping by using a lentiviral construct to preferentially induce the nuclear spliced form of the protein. The molecular construct was transduced in LNCaP cells for testing the modulation of sensitivity of the transduced cells to pro-apoptotic stress. Results and Conclusions: We showed an increase of nCLU/sCLU expression ratio in the prostate cancer cell line “LNCaP” after lentiviral vector-U7 nCLU transduction. Moreover, we showed a significant inhibition of cell proliferation in nCLU-U7 LNCaP cells after treatment with cisplatin and after exposure to ionizing radiation compared to control cells. Finally, we showed that nCLU-U7 LNCaP cells exposure to UV-C significantly reduced an increase of cell death compared to control. Finally, we showed that modulating nCLU expression had profound impact on Ku70/Bax interaction as well as Rad17 expression which could be a key mechanism in sensitizing cells to cell death. In conclusion, this is the first report showing that increasing of nCLU/sCLU expression ratio by using an “on demand alternative splicing” strategy successfully increased sensitivity to radiotherapy and chemotherapy of prostate cancer cells.
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PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2013, 8 (2), pp.e54920. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0054920〉
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Abdellatif Essabbani, Luis Garcia, Maria Zonetti, Tommaso Fisco, Sabina Pucci, et al.. Exon-Skipping Strategy by Ratio Modulation between Cytoprotective versus Pro-Apoptotic Clusterin Forms Increased Sensitivity of LNCaP to Cell Death. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2013, 8 (2), pp.e54920. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0054920〉. 〈hal-01619127〉

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