Scoring Methods for Building Genotypic Scores: An Application to Didanosine Resistance in a Large Derivation Set

Abstract : Background: Several attempts have been made to determine HIV-1 resistance from genotype resistance testing. We compare scoring methods for building weighted genotyping scores and commonly used systems to determine whether the virus of a HIV-infected patient is resistant. Methods and Principal Findings: Three statistical methods (linear discriminant analysis, support vector machine and logistic regression) are used to determine the weight of mutations involved in HIV resistance. We compared these weighted scores with known interpretation systems (ANRS, REGA and Stanford HIV-db) to classify patients as resistant or not. Our methodology is illustrated on the Forum for Collaborative HIV Research didanosine database (N = 1453). The database was divided into four samples according to the country of enrolment (France, USA/Canada, Italy and Spain/UK/Switzerland). The total sample and the four country-based samples allow external validation (one sample is used to estimate a score and the other samples are used to validate it). We used the observed precision to compare the performance of newly derived scores with other interpretation systems. Our results show that newly derived scores performed better than or similar to existing interpretation systems, even with external validation sets. No difference was found between the three methods investigated. Our analysis identified four new mutations associated with didanosine resistance: D123S, Q207K, H208Y and K223Q. Conclusions: We explored the potential of three statistical methods to construct weighted scores for didanosine resistance. Our proposed scores performed at least as well as already existing interpretation systems and previously unrecognized didanosine-resistance associated mutations were identified. This approach could be used for building scores of genotypic resistance to other antiretroviral drugs.
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PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2013, 8 (3), pp.059014. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0059014〉
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Allal Houssaini, Lambert Assoumou, Veronica Miller, Vincent Calvez, Anne-Geneviève Marcelin, et al.. Scoring Methods for Building Genotypic Scores: An Application to Didanosine Resistance in a Large Derivation Set. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2013, 8 (3), pp.059014. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0059014〉. 〈hal-01668707〉

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