Bronchial Epithelial Cells from Cystic Fibrosis Patients Express a Specific Long Non-coding RNA Signature upon Pseudomonas aeruginosa Infection

Abstract : Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) is the leading cause of chronic lung infection in Cystic Fibrosis (CF) patients. It is well recognized that CF epithelial cells fail to develop an appropriate response to infection, allowing bacterial colonization and a chronic inflammatory response. Since long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs), are known to play a key role in regulating mammalian innate immune response, we hypothesized that CF cells exposed to Pa could express a specific lncRNA signature responsible of the maladaptative CF response. We analyzed transcriptomic datasets to compare the expression profiles of lncRNAs in primary CF and non-CF epithelial cells infected with Pa at 0, 2, 4, and 6 h of infection. Our analysis identified temporal expression signatures of 25, 73, 15, and 26 lncRNA transcripts differentially expressed at 0, 2, 4, and 6 h post-infection respectively, between CF and non-CF cells. In addition, we identified profiles specific to CF and non-CF cells. The differential expression of two candidate lncRNAs were independently validated using real-time PCR. We identified a specific CF signature of lncRNA expression in a context of Pa infection that could potentially play a role in the maladaptive immune response of CF patients.
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Viviane Balloy, Remya Koshy, Lea Perra, Harriet Corvol, Michel Chignard, et al.. Bronchial Epithelial Cells from Cystic Fibrosis Patients Express a Specific Long Non-coding RNA Signature upon Pseudomonas aeruginosa Infection. Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology, Frontiers Media, 2017, 7, pp.218. 〈10.3389/fcimb.2017.00218〉. 〈hal-01541639〉

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