Exploiting One-Dimensional Exciton–Phonon Coupling for Tunable and Efficient Single-Photon Generation with a Carbon Nanotube

Abstract : Condensed-matter emitters offer enriched cavity quantum electrodynamical effects due to the coupling to external degrees of freedom. In the case of carbon nanotubes, a very peculiar coupling between localized excitons and the one-dimensional acoustic phonon modes can be achieved, which gives rise to pronounced phonon wings in the luminescence spectrum. By coupling an individual nanotube to a tunable optical microcavity, we show that this peculiar exciton–phonon coupling is a valuable resource to enlarge the tuning range of the single-photon source while keeping an excellent exciton-photon coupling efficiency and spectral purity. Using the unique flexibility of our scanning fiber cavity, we are able to measure the efficiency spectrum of the very same nanotube in the Purcell regime for several mode volumes. Whereas this efficiency spectrum looks very much like the free-space luminescence spectrum when the Purcell factor is small (large mode volume), we show that the deformation of this spectrum at lower mode volumes can be traced back to the strength of the exciton-photon coupling. It shows an enhanced efficiency on the red wing that arises from the asymmetry of the incoherent energy exchange processes between the exciton and the cavity. This allows us to obtain a tuning range up to several hundred times the spectral width of the source.
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Nano Letters, American Chemical Society, 2017, 17 (7), pp.4184-4188. 〈10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b00973〉
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A. Jeantet, Y. Chassagneux, T Claude, P Roussignol, J.S. Lauret, et al.. Exploiting One-Dimensional Exciton–Phonon Coupling for Tunable and Efficient Single-Photon Generation with a Carbon Nanotube. Nano Letters, American Chemical Society, 2017, 17 (7), pp.4184-4188. 〈10.1021/acs.nanolett.7b00973〉. 〈hal-01558239〉

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