Experimental colitis delays and reduces the severity of collagen-induced arthritis in mice

Abstract : Amongst extraintestinal manifestations (EIM) occurring in IBD patients, rheumatologic manifestations are the most frequent. Understanding the relationships between arthritis and coli-tis is a prerequisite to improving the management of these patients. Microbiota of patients with IBD or rheumatologic diseases, like spondyloarthritis (SpA) is modified compared to healthy individual. Thus, we have evaluated the impact of colitis in the development of arthritis in mice and we have analyzed microbiota changes. Collagen-induced arthritis (CIA) was induced at day 0 in DBA1 mice exposed or not to Dextran Sodium Sulfate (DSS) to induce colitis between day 14 and day 21. Animals were monitored regularly for arthritis and colitis severity (clinical score, hindpaw edema). Fecal microbiota was studied by 16S rRNA deep sequencing at critical time points (D14, D14, D21 & D41). At day 41, histological scoring of the intestines and ankles were performed at the end of experiment. Induction of colitis slightly delayed arthritis onset (2 ± 1 days of delay) and reduced its severity (5.75 ± 1.62 in arthritis only group vs 4.00 ± 1.48 in arthritis + colitis group (p = 0.02 at day 28) macroscop-ically and histologically. In contrast, colitis severity was not influenced by arthritis development. Induction of colitis promoted a modification of microbiota composition and a decrease of α-diversity. Fecal microbiota composition was different between " colitis " and " arthritis +colitis " groups during colitis development. Interestingly a milder decrease of bacterial diversity in the " arthritis+colitis " group was observed. Concomitant experimental colitis protects mice against collagen-induced arthritis and this is associated with changes in gut micro-biome composition.
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PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2017, 12 (9), pp.e0184624. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0184624〉
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Julie Hablot, Laurent Peyrin-Biroulet, Tunay Kokten, Reine Omar, Patrick Netter, et al.. Experimental colitis delays and reduces the severity of collagen-induced arthritis in mice. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2017, 12 (9), pp.e0184624. 〈10.1371/journal.pone.0184624〉. 〈hal-01618133〉

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